典礼についての広汎な質問が、Apostolate for Family

Consecration の後援によって7月に持たれた会議の中



問: 典礼に於けるダンスはあなたのオフィス〔典礼秘跡省〕によってミサのために承認されているのしょうか?

Has liturgical dance been approved for Masses by your office?


There has never been a document from our Congregation for Divine Worship and Discipline of the Sacraments saying that dance is approved in the Mass.


The question of dance is difficult and delicate. However, it is good to know that the tradition of the Latin Church has not known the dance. It is something that people are introducing in the last ten years -- or twenty years. It was not always so. Now it is spreading like wildfire, one can say, in all the continents -- some more than others. In my own continent, Africa, it is spreading. In Asia, it is spreading.


Now, some priests and lay people think that Mass is never complete without dance. The difficulty is this: we come to Mass primarily to adore God -- what we call the vertical dimension. We do not come to Mass to entertain one another. That's not the purpose of Mass. The parish hall is for that.


So all those that want to entertain us -- after Mass, let us go to the parish hall and then you can dance. And then we clap. But when we come to Mass we don't come to clap. We don't come to watch people, to admire people. We want to adore God, to thank Him, to ask Him pardon for our sins, and to ask Him for what we need.


Don't misunderstand me, because when I said this at one place somebody said to me: "you are an African bishop. You Africans are always dancing. Why do you say we don't dance?"


A moment -- we Africans are not always dancing! [laughter]


Moreover, there is a difference between those who come in procession at Offertory; they bring their gifts, with joy. There is a movement of the body right and left. They bring their gifts to God. That is good, really. And some of the choir, they sing. They have a little bit of movement. Nobody is going to condemn that. And when you are going out again, a little movement, it's all right.


But when you introduce wholesale, say, a ballerina, then I want to ask you what is it all about. What exactly are you arranging? When the people finish dancing in the Mass and then when the dance group finishes and people clap -- don't you see what it means? It means we have enjoyed it. We come for enjoyment. Repeat. So, there is something wrong. Whenever the people clap -- there is something wrong -- immediately. When they clap -- a dance is done and they clap.

人々の心を神に上げるほど見事なダンスというのもあるかも知れません。その時、人々は祈り、神を礼拝します。そして、ダンスが終わった時、彼らはまだ祈りの中に包まれています。しかし、あなたが今まで目にして来たダンスはそのような種類のものでしたか? と云うわけで、これは簡単なことではありません。

It is possible that there could be a dance that is so exquisite that it raises people's minds to God, and they are praying and adoring God and when the dance is finished they are still wrapped up in prayer. But is that the type of dance you have seen? You see. It is not easy.


Most dances that are staged during Mass should have been done in the parish hall. And some of them are not even suitable for the parish hall.


I saw in one place -- I will not tell you where -- where they staged a dance during Mass, and that dance was offensive. It broke the rules of moral theology and modesty. Those who arranged it -- they should have had their heads washed with a bucket of holy water! [laughter]

なぜ神の民をこれほど苦しめますか。私たちは既に十分な問題を持っているのではありませんか? 日曜日だけ、1時間、彼らは神を礼拝しに来ます。そして、あなたはと云えば、ダンスを持って来るのです! あなたは我々のところに他のものを持って来ることができないほど貧しいのですか? 恥を知れ! これが、私がそれについて思っていることです。

Why make the people of God suffer so much? Haven't we enough problems already? Only Sunday, one hour, they come to adore God. And you bring a dance! Are you so poor you have nothing else to bring us? Shame on you! That's how I feel about it.

人はこう言うかも知れません、「しかし、教皇様があなたの国を訪問なさった時、人々は踊ったではありませんか」と。しかし、待って下さい、教皇様がそれを手配しましたか? お気の毒な教皇様。彼は来ますが、準備をするのは人々なのです。彼は、人々がどんなものを準備しているか知りません。そして、誰かが風変りなものを準備するのです。教皇様はそれに責任がありますか? このようなことが、ダンスが現在承認されていることを意味しますか? 彼らは典礼秘跡省のテーブルに何か提出しましたか? もし彼らがそうしていたら、私たちは却下したことでしょう! もしダンスがしたいなら、どこか別の場所でやればいいのです。

Somebody can say, "but the pope visited this county and the people danced". A moment: Did the pope arrange it? Poor Holy Father -- he comes, the people arranged. He does not know what they arranged. And somebody introduces something funny -- is the pope responsible for that? Does that mean it is now approved? Did they put in on the table of the Congregation for Divine Worship? We would throw it out! If people want to dance, they know where to go.

訳出 2015/11/06
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